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Tuesday, November 14, 2006

Definition: ADDIE

There are many times in many industries when acronyms are used as if they were "real" words and everyone assumes everyone else knows what they mean. Soon, no one even remembers what the acronym stands for. This posting is to define the term ADDIE.

ADDIE is an acronym for the process of designing and developing instruction. Actually, the ADDIE process can be used as a process methodology for many projects but let's focus on instruction. ADDIE is typically depicted as a linear process but, it does not need to be done in a strict linear fashion.

Here is what the acronym means:

A-Analysis. You need to analyze the situation to determine the learners, the tasks to accomplish and the environment in which the activity you are teaching needs to occur.

D-Design. This is when you design the instruction to meet the learners needs. You apply instructional strategies to the situation and determine the correct sequence for the instruction.

D-Develop. This is when you actually create the instruction.

I-Implementation. This is when you introduce the learning you created into the environment in which it is going to be used. This needs to be considered because often e-learning is developed but no one in the company uses it. So, you need to have a plan to implement the learning.

E-Evaluation. This is the evaluation of the learning. Did it do what it was supposed to do? Also evaluation can, and should, occur throughout the process to ensure that you are always on the right track.

Wikipedia has an entry on the ADDIE Model.(although it needs some more detail)

Here is a link to some additional information (I did not create) about the ADDIE model.

Here is a link to a paper describing different instructional design models (all a variation of ADDIE.)

Sometimes it is called the MADDIE model when the concept of M-Management is introduced. Certainly the process of designing and developing instruction requires careful management.

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